Pest & Disease

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Diseases

Diseases

About Phytophthora

About Phytophthora

Phytophthora species are highly destructive plant pathogens that cause root rot, crown rot and trunk cankers. All of these symptoms have been reported by Australian almond growers.
They require high humidity or free water in order to reproduce and spread. Long periods of rainfall, standing water and over-irrigated soils are more likely to result in Phytophthora diseases.

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Lower Limb Dieback - An Australian Update

Lower Limb Dieback – An Australian Update

Almond growers in Australia have expressed concerns that lower limb dieback (LLD) is having an impact on yield (Edwards, 2018). Despite international efforts, LLD syndrome is poorly understood and the cause is unknown.

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Managing Almond Rust

Managing Almond Rust

Almond rust is a wet weather disease. It grows best in warm humid conditions especially when there are extended periods of leaf wetness. Defence against rust is a major factor triggering orchard sprays in spring and summer.

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Canker and Trunk Diseases

Canker and Trunk Diseases

Fungal canker diseases have long been known to affect almond trees in California, however, they have become an increasing concern to growers in recent years as they affect to a greater extent young trees, thus resulting in significant tree losses.

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What Almond Disease is that?

For several diseases, identification merely from visual symptoms can be misleading. Accurate diagnosis requires laboratory examination to determine the true causal agents. This poster gives examples of some symptoms with several possible causes: –gummy nuts, trunk and scaffold gumming, lower limb dieback, hull strikes.

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Pests

Pests

Almond IPM: What does it mean?

IPM involves evaluating your pest problems, then integrating appropriate strategies and practices into a systems approach to manage those problems more effectively in a crop production context.

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Carpophilus Beetle and Carob Moth in Almonds - a visual guide

It is important to correctly distinguish between carpophilus beetle and carob moth damage, for informed decision-making regarding the most appropriate pest management strategy. This factsheet provides a visual guide for the identification of both pests and their damage to almonds.

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Monitoring Carpophilus Beetle in Almonds

Pest monitoring is a critical component of IPM systems. It can provide growers with valuable information on the presence, distribution and population levels of pests, and on the impact of pest management activities. This update which includes findings from recent research, provides information on monitoring of carpophilus beetle and is intended to help growers obtain the best value from their monitoring efforts.

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Carob Moth in Almonds Pest Facts

Carob Moth in Almonds Pest Facts

Carob moth Apomyelois (=Ectomyelois) ceratoniae is a pest of numerous tree crops around the world, including almonds. In recent years carob moth has caused increasing concern for the Australian almond industry.

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Monitoring Carob Moth - an update

Monitoring of carob moth in almonds is documented in detail in the Australian Almonds fact sheet ‘Carob moth in almonds: monitoring guidelines’. This update provides further information including findings from more recent research and is intended to help growers achieve better results from their monitoring efforts.

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Carob Moth Monitoring

Carob Moth Monitoring

To help producers monitor carob moth effectively, this fact sheet describes some simple monitoring techniques.

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David Madge on Carob Moth

David Madge on Carob Moth

This video provides information on how to monitor and evaluate Carob Moth damage.

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Impact of Pesticides and Fungicides on Beneficial Species

Almond production in Australia has traditionally featured a low level of pesticide use. This began to change around the 2012-2014 harvest seasons when carob moth and carpophilus beetle became serious pests, causing high levels of kernel damage. Since then, broadscale insecticide use has increased significantly in the absence of effective alternative management options for these major pests.

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Natural Enemies of Almond Pests

This fact sheet provides a visual guide to some of the predatory and parasitic species that have been observed in Australian almond orchards. It is intended to help growers identify insects that they may see in their orchards or when they are performing quality assessments on nuts.

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Regent Parrot Project Summary

Regent Parrot Project Summary

Bird damage to crops is one of the biggest problems facing growers of a wide variety of arable and horticultural crops. Landowners spend considerable time and money trying to minimise production losses. Yet, control techniques are often economically or environmentally unsustainable or simply ineffective.

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Viruses

Viruses

Viruses in Australian Almonds

Agriculture Victoria have produced information on the relevant bacteria, viruses and viroids in the Australian almond industry. This fact sheet uses information from Agriculture Victoria to portray a grower story and notes why it is important to use high health material at the early stage of life.

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Storage Pests

Storage Pests

Almonds & Mice

Almonds & Mice

House mice can cause serious problems to all aspects of the almond industry. A range of control methods are available to manage mice and populations need to be monitored. Management must be conducted over large areas to minimise re invasion.

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Biosecurity

Biosecurity

Biosecurity

Biosecurity

The Biosecurity Plan for the Tree Nut Industry was coordinated by Plant Health Australia and developed through a partnership approach using government and industry resources and expertise.

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Chemical Permits

Chemical Permits

Chemical Permits

Chemical Permits

Permits can often have restriction on permitted users and states in which the permit is current. For the current list of chemical permits for use in the almond industry please use the search permit portal on the APVMA website: https://portal.apvma.gov.au/permits

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Chemical Permits

New Item

Permits can often have restriction on permitted users and states in which the permit is current. For the current list of chemical permits for use in the almond industry please use the search permit portal on the APVMA website: https://portal.apvma.gov.au/permits

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Integrated Disease

Integrated Disease

Dr Jacqueline Edwards, lead researcher of the Plant Pathology team at Agriculture Victoria, discusses the Hort Innovation funded project; the Integrated Disease Management Program.

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management

Dr Paul Cunningham, lead researcher for the invertebrate & weed science team at Agriculture Victoria discusses the five year, Hort Innovation funded project; the Integrated Pest Management Program.

David Madge on Carob Moth

David Madge on Carob Moth

Dr David Madge, Senior Entomologist from the Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources, Victoria explains the life cycle, impact and control methods for Carob moth in Australian almonds.

Carob moth Apomyelois (=Ectomyelois) ceratoniae attacks numerous tree crops worldwide and causes economic damage by feeding on fruits or nuts, contaminating them with frass (excreta) and rendering them unfit for human consumption. It has been considered a serious pest of almonds in Australia in recent years.